Activity toys & montessori principles

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Activity toys & montessori principles

Children are naturally curious creatures who unknowingly actively learn through play, so they need an adapted space for their development: safe, colorful and attractive, and filled with child-friendly toys, creative materials and learning aids.

What are activity toys and how are they related to Montessori principles? Where does the Montessori principle come from?

Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori was an Italian doctor, teacher, philosopher and philanthropist best known for her Montessori method of teaching children from birth to adolescence.

The Montessori method arose from observing children. The spontaneous actions of the children led her to new insights into children’s behavior and learning. She found that children feel the need to repeat as it gives them a sense of security. “Help me do it myself” is the main and leading motive of Montessori pedagogy. The child is free to choose the material, correct his own mistakes and choose a place to work.


"Help me do it myself"


Many parents believe that the Montessori educational approach encourages creativity and benefits children by offering unique teaching methods that allow children greater control over their learning. (Spanish version of Aleteia, 2021)

How do we divide Montessori into 5 principles/ so called materials?

The Montessori principles give the child a basis for order and through it children learn about the relationships and laws that are present in life. Materials are usually made of natural materials and for a specific purpose. Importantly, there is only one instance of the same toy in the room. In this way, children learn patience and waiting to get to the desired toy. Montessori materials oz. principles are divided into five basic areas:


1. Material / toys for practical life

It is important to prepare a suitable environment for the child, so there is no need to renovate the entire living space, only a few tools are needed to adjust the space to the height of the child.

But why is it important to adapt the space to the size of the child? Little ones like to repeat after adults, play roles (gardening, sweeping, washing clothes / dishes, cleaning windows, and in this way build their self-confidence, learn creativity, physical concepts of concentration, coordination and independence. We allow the child to achieve with a workbench in the kitchen, in the bathroom he should have access to his comb and brush, he should have his own small table and chair where he can do his creative activities or eat breakfast, he should have access to his toys and utensils so that he can be alone Access to the kitchen sink is, for example, one of the most valued things in the children's world. When you need to prepare a meal for the whole family really quickly or, for example, dedicate a moment to another child, washing in a trough activity that is sure to keep the toddler busy, as well as a waterproof apron that protects the baby.


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2. Material to encourage sensory system

The child learns about the properties of the object: color, shape, size, weight and surface. This experience, which comes through the senses, leads children to materialized abstraction. The child achieves inner order through clear and orderly concepts. The ability to research and learn about legality develops. The child discovers and conducts experiments on his own. Example: a child puts smaller and smaller rings on top of each other. Children gain cognitive effectiveness and learn the order and placement of different perceptions. They acquire all this through the use of the senses: type, smell, taste, hearing, toys are suitable for folding and the perception of comparison between sizes, and toys that require coordination between the hands and eyes.


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3. Material for mathematics

Through practical life exercises, children are ready to work with math material. The abacus toy is very well known, with which the child learns the perception of the destiny set. Also, playing 3,4,5 in a row helps the child make sense of the concept of numbers. We can also offer the child a game in nature, for example, sorting pebbles by size, sorting twigs by length, etc.


4. Language material

is aligned with the feel material. The most well-known are letters / numbers made of wood, which have indentations on the wooden board in the shape of the letter to which it belongs. A child with sensitive fingertips type and kinesthetically experiences the shape of the letters. Thus, some children know how to write letters, even though they do not know them yet.


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5. Material/ a sense of space

Each individual imagines the space differently, according to the objects in the space of the latter, he divides it into left and right, front, back, top and bottom. When a child becomes aware of himself, he also begins to be aware of his position in space, and can be helped by aids and toys such as tunnels and tents, which further sharpen the sense of shape, space and dimensions. When children grow up, they like to measure themselves and tell their surroundings how much they have grown up, they constantly make comparisons, e.g. "I get to the counter with my head, I can reach the faucet", so it makes sense to offer your child a meter that we attach to the wall. They are also excellent at sculpting, where they can use clay, plasticine or various masses that allow them to sculpt and shape products in 3D space.


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+ balance

Equilibrium is the ability to quickly form the compensatory movements needed to return the body to an equilibrium position when it is broken.
Factors that are important in maintaining or restoring balance are: vision, hearing, tactile receptors, kinesthetic senses, balance organ, balance center. The development of balance should be based on the situational method of development, according to the principle of a large number of repetitions, so we recommend the Kinderfeets Balance Board, which is a multi-purpose toy that originated and was first used in Waldorf schools. It was designed and manufactured to help develop a sense of balance, coordination, stimulate their vestibular system, and help children gain a sense of awareness of their body. The board is great for promoting physical and mental development, creative games for children of all ages, but you can think of the Kinderfeets driver, which has an ergonomically designed seat and handlebar position, promotes good posture and offers maximum comfort.

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